Destinations / Central region
Lake Skadar's Flora and FaunaSunday, February 6, 2011 · Region Central region · Comments
Lake Skadar or Plavsko Jezero is located in the Zeta Scadar valley and is surrounded by mountains and some 7 km far from Adriatic Sea. Depending on the level of water the total space of Lake Skadar varies from 530 to 370 km2. Lake Skadar is considered 44 km long and 14 km wide. The coast line of Lake Skadar is very cut especially in the North West side. The Lower valley of the Northern part of Lake Skadar is often flooded.
Flora and Fauna at Lake Skadar
Lake of Skadar is the largest lake at Balkan Peninsula one of the last fresh water spaces and largest national park in Montenegro, most famous for its diversity of flora and fauna. The Lake Skadar itself is unusual for mutual vicinity of different living areas and their chain of feeding.
Lake Skadar Birds
The variety of different habitats offered at Lake Skadar attract an incredible range of wildlife and provide one of the five most important birding sites in Europe with more than 271 different species to see. Around 90% of birds are migratory and are of international importance. They include pygmy cormorant, the rare southern dalmatian pelican, storks, herons, egrets and ibises. During the migration season, white little egret, white spoonbill and various kinds of ducks pass over this region. Cormorant nest in north swamps and represent one of three most important colonies in the world (ITR, Ecological Research Study on Peat exploration, 2001). Rare and endangered kind of curly pelican nest at floating peat islands in north end of the Lake.
Lake Skadar Birdwatching
Birdwatching With its 271 bird species, four bird-watching towers on Stanaj, Radus, Plavnica and Zabljacke and eight organized bird-watching tours offered by the National Park, Lake Skadar is a real attraction for bird-watchers and nature lovers. Skadar Lake is also the habitat for the protected, rare curly pelican. Especially interesting bird species are: Dalmatian Pelican colonies (Pelecanus crispus); the Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) (the biggest world colony of approximately 2000 bird pairs); the Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybridus); The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo); the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca); the White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla); as well as several hundreds of Grey Heron (Ardea ralloides); There are five ornithological reserves at Skadar Lake: Manastirska tapija, Grmozur, Omerova gorica, Crni zar, Pancevo oko.
Lake Skadar Water fauna
There are 50 species of fish living in the Lake and 3 snake like. The most important from economic point of view are ukljeva and carp. About one million kilo of fish is being caught at Lake Skadar every year. The variety of plants in Lake Skadar is huge thanks to the great difference in landscapes from the regions where there are often floods, little stone islands and steep mountain cliffs. There are three rare and protected plants and trees and a large number (30 +) of rare plants in park, among them some famous medicinal plants and wild orchids. The surrounding hinterland is home to wild tortoises, lizardsm, amphibians, snakes and even wild boar.
Lake Skadar Monuments
In region of Lake of Scadar there are 20 monasteries, churches, villages, fortresses and sacred monuments. This lake is witness of Montenegrin history from 11th century up to now. Around Lake itself there are 18 important historic monuments. The climate is Mediterranean with long hot summers and a short cold winter made very wet by the mountainous nature of the region.